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Glossary
Aneurysm
An abnormal blood-filled dilatation of a blood vessel and especially an artery resulting from disease of the vessel wall.
 
Angina
Medical term for the chest pain or pressure a patient may be experiencing when they are having a heart attack or where the heart artery is temporarily blocked.
 
Angiography
The radiographic visualization of the blood vessels after injection of a radiopaque substance. This procedure will be done if the physician is concerned with the arteries in your heart. This test may show blockages in your heart. Once this test shows the blockages, a cardiologist will decide what treatment is appropriate. 
 
Atrial Fibrillation
Usually a very rapid uncoordinated contractions of the atria of the heart resulting in a lack of synchronism between heartbeat and pulse beat
 
CABG
Coronary bypass graft. This a type of open heart surgery where a surgeon uses a blood vessel to bypass a blocked artery in your heart. This is done after a patient has suffered either chest pain or a heart attack.
 
Cardioversion
An application of an electric shock in order to restore normal heartbeat . This procedure is usually prebooked. Patients may have this if their heart is irregular or beating too fast.
 
CT
Computerized tomography - a diagnostic  test
 
Day Surgery
This type of surgery does not require an overnight stay. These are usually very simple procedures where patients go home after the procedure is finished.
 
Defibrillation
An application of an electric shock delivered to the heart to restore the heart beat. This is an emergency procedure.

DNR or No CPR order
Do Not Resuscitate. No CPR will be performed when a patient has chosen this order. This order may be changed at any time.
 
ECG (sometimes spelled EKG)
Electrocardiogram. One type of ECG is a procedure, called a 12-lead ECG, which looks at your heart to see if there is any muscle damage. This type of test will be done if you complain of chest pressure, chest pain or think you're having a heart attack (myocardial infarction). This can be done as an emergency procedure or it can be prebooked, either at the hospital or in the doctor's office. You may see another type of ECG monitoring in the hospital. If a patient has a problem with their heart, they may be admitted and have continuous ECG monitoring. This may happen on the cardiology unit or after open heart surgery.
 
Endoscope
A flexible instrument inserted into a hollow organ for diagnostic or treatment purposes. This may be used in the bladder, esophogus, or colon, for example.
 
Fast Track
This area of the Emergency Department provides individuals with a reliable care for less urgent conditions when their family doctor’s office is closed or cannot accommodate a last-minute appointment.
 
Fracture
The act or process of breaking or the state of being broken; especially :  the breaking of hard tissue (as bone).
 
Fracture Clinic
This is an outpatient clinic where staff will assess broken or fractured bones and the need for casting or recasting. Sometimes, after a patient has broken a bone, there may be swelling so the limb may not be cast right away.
 
Heart Attack
An acute episode of heart disease marked by the death or damage of heart muscle due to insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle usually as a result of a coronary clot or a coronary blockage and that is characterized especially by chest pain—called also myocardial infarction.
 
Holter Monitoring
A patient may be hooked up to continuous ECG monitoring, but they will be at home. They will wear a device that records what is going on with the heart.
 
ICU
Intensive care unit - A specialized unit where a patient may go if they are seriously ill. Patients usually come to this unit from surgery or the emergency department. Usually, each patient will have their own nurse.
 
IV
Intravenous - A  small tube in a vein that may be used for infusion of fluids and/or medications. This can be continuous or intermittent. This tube may be in a small vein in your arm or a larger vein in your neck.
 
Mechanical ventilation
Artificial inflation of the lungs by a machine called a ventilator. This may be used during surgery or after to help a patient breath if they ar not able to.
 
MRI
Magnetic resonance imaging- a diagnostic test
 
Neonate
Relating to, or affecting the newborn and especially the human infant during the first month after birth.
 
NICU
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. A specialized unit for the care of newborn babies who may need additional support such as oxygen or cardiac monitoring.
 
Nurse Practitioner
A registered nurse who through advanced training is qualified to assume some of the duties and responsibilities formerly assumed only by a physician—abbreviation NP; called also nurse clinician.
 
Orthotech
A technician who works in the Fracture clinic. They apply and remove casts, fit and apply braces for backs, knees, etc. They also make prothetics for limbs.
 
OR
Operating Room
 
Physician's Assistant
Another type of healthcare provider who works with a physician, providing patient care.
 
Post Partum Unit
This is the unit a mother would go to after delivering a baby. Post partum refers to the time after the delivery of a baby.
 
Recovery Room or PACU
Post Anaesthetic Care Unit. A hospital room which is equipped with apparatus for meeting postoperative emergencies and in which surgical patients are kept during the immediate postoperative period for care and recovery from anesthesia.

RN/RPN
Registered nurse/registered practical nurse. These are healthcare providers who work at Southlake.

Respiratory Therapist
 A specialist in respiratory therapy. The therapist will assist staff with patient oxygen needs, such as mechanical ventilation, oxygen treatments and assisting patients with BIPAP and CPAP machines.
 
Ultrasound
A diagnostic examination using ultrasound. A noninvasive technique involving the formation of a two-dimensional image used for the examination and measurement of internal body structures and the detection of bodily abnormalities Also called echography, sonography, ultrasonography.
 
Ventilator
A machine used to assist a patient with breathing when they are not able to breath on their own. This may be due to surgery or trauma.
Southlake Regional Health Centre
596 Davis Drive, Newmarket, Ontario   L3Y 2P9
Tel: 905-895-4521   |   TTY: 905-952-3062
Copyright © 2012 Southlake Regional Health Centre
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